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Fertility drugs for male

When do you require fertility drugs?

Most commonly prescribed fertility drugs

How they work?

Course of treatment

Success rates

Side effects of fertility drugs

Both men and women need the right balance of hormones for effective reproductive functions. Women require the right amount of estrogen to ovulate regularly whereas men require the right amount of testosterone to produce healthy sperms. In case of an imbalance, fertility drugs are used. Surprisingly, it is found that the same drug can be used for both males and females to control the reproductive functions. In other words, the same fertility drug that can induce ovulation can also stimulate sperm production.

infertility drugs for male

When do you require fertility drugs?

Doctors prescribe fertility drugs for the following conditions.

1.Hormonal imbalance linked to a low sperm count

2.Poor sperm quality

3.Poor mobility or the ability of the sperms to move around

4.Primary Hypogonadotrophic Hypogonadism. This condition is caused by a testosterone deficiency in which the pituitary gland or hypothalamus prevents the testicles from receiving the signals to produce sperms.

(Read more about Causes of male infertility)

Most commonly prescribed fertility drugs

The most commonly prescribed fertility drugs for both men and women are:

1.Clomid(Serophene)

2.Human Menopausal Gonadotrophin(HMG)

3.Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin (HCG)

How they work?

Clomifene when taken daily as a tablet, prompts the pituitary glands to secrete the hormones required by the testicles to produce testosterone. This possibly increases the sperm production as well.

HCG, at times along with HMG is taken as injections. This prompts the testicle to produce testosterone and sperms directly.

Course of treatment

In men, a course of clomifene consists of a pill a day for a period of 3-6 months and a course of HCG consists of 2 to 3 injections per week for a period of 6 months. If the body is not responding to this, then it is combined with HMG as well.

If you have been taking fertility drugs for more than 3 months and if it is not producing the desired effect or if your partner does not get pregnant, then your doctor might increase the dosage. It is also possible that your doctor might recommend another medication or treatment or a testicle biopsy. This is done to check whether there is anything wrong with your sperm. But as long as your hormone levels remain normal, it is safe to take clomifene in small doses for 6 months to a year.

Success rates

The success rate is 14% to 50%, and taking fertility drugs for longer periods does not improve the success rate,but it definitely helps to jump start sperm production. It helps in increasing the sperm count to 20 million or more. A sperm count below 20 million is considered to be low. It has been found that 80 percent of the men with Hypogonadotrophic Hypogonadism achieved a normal sperm count after taking fertility drugs.

Side effects of fertility drugs



Anything in abundance is harmful for the body. Similarly, excess of fertility drugs may cause:

Blurred vision

Excess weight gain

Breast enlargement

Tenderness in breast

In rare cases, excess of clomifene is found to cause liver damage in some patients.If you want to improve fertility with no side effects, you can try some herb supplements.


However, from the studies that have been conducted regarding the effect of fertility drugs on men, it is found that these drugs can help men with only certain types of hormonal imbalance. The success rates of fertility drugs are found to be more in women than men.

(Read more about Best reviewed fertility supplement)



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